The Pawpaw Predicament

  • By Leah Hughes
  • Photography by Joey and Jessica Seawell

This native fruit is hard to explain but simple to enjoy.


It hangs on a tree like an apple. It grows in a cluster like a grape. It ripens in late summer like a peach. It tastes like a banana and a mango mixed together.

The pawpaw is complicated.

It doesn’t know exactly what it is, so no wonder few people understand it.

Derek Morris, a horticulture technician for the Forsyth County Cooperative Extension Service, knows the pawpaw well.

He grows about 30 varieties of the fruit in his backyard in Winston-Salem. Every summer, throughout August and into September, he harvests the ripe pawpaws, which are about the size of small baking potatoes, and carries them into his kitchen. He peels off the thin skin of the fruit and places the soft, pudding-like middle into a bowl. He mashes the pulp with a fork and removes the lima-bean-size seeds. Like a banana or a persimmon, the pawpaw pulp makes delicious breads and pies and cookies.

Morris isn’t an innovator.

In the early 1900s, many people knew the pawpaw well. The pawpaw is native in every North Carolina county, and from northern Florida to southern Ontario. The short, stubby trees once grew along many streams, creeks, and rivers. But as people cleared the land, they destroyed the taller trees that provided vital shade for pawpaw saplings. They tried to make up for the missing fruit by importing bananas and mangoes. But there is no substitute.

A pawpaw may hang like, grow like, ripen like, and taste like a lot of things. But it isn’t. A pawpaw is the largest edible fruit native to North America. It is the only food source in this area for the zebra swallowtail butterfly. It is one of a few fruits that require no pesticides. It is the closest thing to a tropical fruit that grows here.

The pawpaw can’t be understood by comparing it to something else. It is, simply, a pawpaw.

Click for pawpaw recipes and locations where you can buy pawpaws.

Pawpaw Festival

Derek MorrisThe best way to understand a pawpaw is to taste it. Join Derek Morris (above) and other pawpaw enthusiasts at the North Carolina Pawpaw Festival on August 25 in Lewisville to make sense of the fruit for yourself. The festival takes place at Jack Warren Park, 450 Lewisville-Clemmons Road, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Visit for more information.

Leah Hughes is an associate editor at Our State magazine.

Our State

About Our State

Since 1933, Our State has shared stories about North Carolina with readers both in state and around the world. We celebrate the people and places that make this state great. From the mountains to the coast, we feature North Carolina travel, history, food, and beautiful scenic photography.
This entry was posted in August 2012, Gardens & Gardening and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

3 Responses to The Pawpaw Predicament

  1. John Morrison says:

    Where do you obtain small trees? Which varieties grow best on the Piedmont [Chapel Hill]?

  2. Debbie Mason says:

    My dad use to find pawpaws when I was a child. I have not seen them for many years. Can you purchase seeds to grow them or plants?

    • Jackie Babb says:

      Pawpaws are typically 6-7 yrs old before fruiting so if you start with seed you have a long wait. For the first 10 mths to a year the seeds put on mostly roots & very little top growth. Digging them up in the wild is not a good option because if you damage the tap root they typically die. There are several nurseries around the state that sells pawpaws. There are also places out-of-state too, but shipping typically is pricey. Several nurseries are now grafting pawpaws. The real experts are KSU – Hope this helps.

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