photograph by Travis Dove

Of all the barbecue restaurants in America, Short Sugar’s Pit Bar-B-Q must have the greatest name.

Johnny, Clyde, and Eldridge Overby had planned to call their new business the Overby Brothers Drive-In. But two days before it was to open in June 1949, Eldridge was killed in an auto accident. Instead of using the original name, Johnny and Clyde decided to honor their brother, who had been known as “Short Sugar,” by naming the place after him alone. Now, the stories vary as to why Eldridge had that particular nickname. It seems well established that he was short, which takes care of the first half. But as for “Sugar,” time has muddled people’s recollections of whether it was because Eldridge was exceptionally friendly and had an attractive laugh or whether it was because the ladies considered him kind of cute. In any case, even though Eldridge didn’t live to see the restaurant open, his nickname has certainly been immortalized, since it’s the one thing no one ever forgets about the place.

Today, Short Sugar’s sits at the same location and still looks like a 1950s-style teenage hangout, which is exactly what it became on the first day it was open. It even has drive-in parking spaces where customers still can get curb service just by tooting their horns. And although Short Sugar’s may not be a hot gathering spot for the current students of Reidsville High School, the folks who grew up in town during the 1950s, ’60s, and ’70s still flock to the place, as do seekers from all over central North Carolina who’ve heard about the barbecue and had their interest piqued by the name.

At a time when the world seems to be shifting beneath their feet, it must be comforting for Reidsville natives to grab a stool at Short Sugar’s counter and see things just as they have been for many decades. Breakfast preparation cranks up by 3:30 in the morning six days a week — biscuits, bacon, sausage, and grits. And do the folks here ever know how barbecue ought to be prepared. Short Sugar’s chops or slices only what pork it needs at the moment, so the meat will taste fresh. The restaurant pit-cooks its barbecue (hams for sliced, shoulders for chopped) over hickory coals in two small pits located near enough to the counter so that everyone can watch when it’s time to turn the meat or spread more coals. The barbecue is served with a thin, dark sauce that’s mixed according to the original recipe by owner David Wilson. Short Sugar’s sauce, said to be the key reason for the barbecue’s reputation, seems to have less ketchup or tomato paste than some of the popular Piedmont dips. The definite presence of both sugar and Worcestershire sauce adds a heated pungency to the mixture. The sauce and the meat obviously blended well on the judges’ palates during the 1982 Barbecue Bowl cook-off between North Carolina and South Carolina, held in Washington, D.C., since Short Sugar’s was the first restaurant from either state to be crowned champion. (In a maddening bit of political correctness, the inaugural event the previous year had been declared a tie.)

Short Sugar’s Pit Bar-B-Q
1328 South Scales Street
Reidsville, NC 27320
(336) 342-7487

Our State offers thanks to John F. Blair Publisher for allowing us to reprint Bob Garner’s stories of North Carolina’s classic barbecue spots.

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Garner is television personality, restaurant reviewer, speaker, pitmaster and connoisseur of North Carolina barbecue. He is the author of North Carolina Barbecue: Flavored by Time and Bob Garner’s Guide to North Carolina Barbecue.