photograph by Portrait From The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Museum Purchase.

Feature image: William Byrd II, shown in this portrait detail, avoided going through the Great Dismal Swamp, which is now home to the Dismal Swamp Canal that runs from North Carolina into Virginia.


William Byrd II of Virginia was a surveyor, an author, a statesman, and catty as hell. He was one of the Virginians in charge of physically drawing the border between Virginia and North Carolina, and he wrote a book with the yawn-inducing title The History of the Dividing Line betwixt Virginia and North Carolina. Published in the Year of Our Lord 1728.

But crack it open for a read, and hoo-boy. Byrd calls North Carolinians lazy and says we eat too much barbecue. “The Inhabitants of N Carolina devour so much Swine’s flesh,” he writes, “that it fills them full of gross Humours.” By contrast, Byrd was an upstanding, virtuous leader, at least in his public books. In his personal diary, however, he meticulously detailed his extramarital affairs.

He also wrote a second book, called The Secret History of the Line, intended only for his buddies. It was — spoiler alert — racier.

As for his job, Byrd and the team drew, with one tiny exception, a straight line, exactly as they were told, although he sent his underlings to do the dirtiest work. For example, while his surveyors had to draw the line directly through the Great Dismal Swamp, Byrd and the other commissioners went around it.

The rest of Byrd’s book details plants and animal life, Indians and the like, and reveals that Byrd was genuinely impressed by the beauty of the land. After he completed the survey, he bought 20,000 acres in the Dan River Valley and called them the “Land of Eden,” a name that persists in Rockingham County to this day.

Byrd died in 1744, and his works weren’t published until 1841, making him more famous in death than in life, and proving that if you don’t have something nice to say, write it down, stash it away, and, a century later, we’ll all get to read about it.


Click here for more great stories about how North Carolina got its shape.

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Markovich is a senior editor/writer at Our State, and a former special content producer for NBC Charlotte. He has won two 2011 regional Emmy Awards and regional Edward R. Murrow awards along with the 2011 Green Eyeshade award for Magazine Feature Writing, the 2010 National City and Regional Magazine Award for Personality Profile, the 2010 Clarion Award for a Magazine Feature Article, and the 2010 Green Eyeshade Award’s Best-In-Show for Non Daily Print Journalism.

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